Current Research in Agriculture and Farming (CRAF)
Year : 2021, Volume : 2, Issue : 3
First page : (22) Last page : (26)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2582-7146.141
Rearing of Maize Stem Borer, Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) under Laboratory Conditions
Saeed Alam1*, Muhammad Nouman Khalid2, Muhammad Ijaz3, Muhammad Salman Akram3, Muhammad Irfan3, Muhammad Hassan3 1Department of Entomology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 2Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan 3Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 19.04.2021 | Revised: 26.05.2021 | Accepted: 4.06.2021
Maize is an important cereal crop grown for food, fodder and raw material throughout the world. It is rick source of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins. Maize production is decreasing day by day due to attacked of more than 250 insect species and mites. Among insect pests, maize stem borer, Chilo partellus is most destructive pest for maize production. The rearing of maize stem borer, C. partellus was conducted under laboratory conditions in National Agricultural research Centre(NARC) Islamabad. The complete metamorphosis (egg, larva, pupa and adult) was recorded in C. partellus. The mean value of egg was 4.67 ± 1.09 days. There were six larval instar of C. partellus and total larval period was 18-48 days. The growth period of first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth larval instar was 3-6, 2-6, 3-7, 3-8, 3-9 and 5-11 days respectively on maize leaves. The mean average duration of pupa was 9.00±2.25 days. The female was long lived than male. The total developmental period from egg to adult was 30-65 days.
Keywords: Maize, Maize stem borer, Lepidoptera, Life cycle, Complete metamorphosis.
Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782
Cite this article: Alam, S., Khalid, M. N., Ijaz, M., Akram, M. S., Irfan, M., & Hassan, M. (2021). Rearing of Maize Stem Borer, Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) under Laboratory Conditions, Curr. Rese. Agri. Far. 2(3), 22-26. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2582-7146.141